Government of Alberta

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Government of Alberta | Province of Alberta:


abThe Executive Council of Alberta, or the Cabinet of Alberta, is the Province of Alberta’s equivalent to the Cabinet of Canada, although smaller in size.


The government of the province of Alberta is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature – the Legislative Assembly, which consists of 87 members elected first past the post (FPTP) from single-member constituencies.


The Executive Council of Alberta is officially headed by the Lieutenant-Governor, as representative of the Queen in Right of Alberta and is referred to as the Governor-in-Council. Although the lieutenant governor is technically the most powerful person in Alberta, he is in reality a figurehead whose actions are restricted by custom and constitutional convention.



Government of Alberta Contact information as follows:


  • Toll-free in Alberta: 310-0000,
  • 1-780-427-2711,

For deaf or hard-of-hearing (TDD/TTY),

  • In Edmonton dial: 780-427-9999,

For deaf or hard-of-hearing (TDD/TTY),

  • Toll free in Alberta: 1-800-232-7215,



Website: Government of Alberta |,




Government of Alberta Ministries | departments and agencies: List

external-linkThe followings are external links:


  • Advanced Education: Focuses on the province’s adult learning system and financial supports for adult students.
  • Agriculture and Forestry: Focuses on developing the agriculture and food industry, sustaining the industry’s natural resource base and encouraging the development of rural communities.
  • Corporate Human Resources: Hiring, training and administration for Alberta’s public service and support for human resource administration within provincial government departments.
  • Culture and Tourism: Supports the development and sustainability of Alberta’s cultural industries, tourism, arts, recreation, sport, heritage and the non-profit/voluntary sector.
  • Economic Development and Trade: Provides leadership on the government’s economic development efforts and a single-door access to information and support for businesses and investors.
  • Education: Supports students, parents, teachers and administrators from Early Childhood Services through Grade 12.
  • Energy: Assures sustained prosperity in the interests of Albertans through the responsible development and use of energy and mineral resource systems.
  • Environment and Parks: Leads the achievement of desired environmental outcomes and sustainable development of natural resources for Albertans.
  • Executive Council: Ensures effective strategic planning and coordinated policy development across government, and engagement of Albertans.
  • Health: Sets direction for healthcare in Alberta, allocates health funding, administers provincial programs and provides expertise on communicable disease control.
  • Human Services: Works to improve the quality of life for Albertans through the delivery of respectful, adaptive supports and innovative, prevention-focused programs and policy.
  • Indigenous RelationsWorks with Aboriginal communities, federal government, industry and other stakeholders to enhance the quality of life of Aboriginal people in Alberta.
  • Infrastructure: Responsible for planning and building public infrastructure in Alberta, such as schools and hospitals, to meet the needs of a growing economy and population.
  • Justice and Solicitor General: Works to ensure Alberta has the most innovative and accessible justice system in Canada, and the province’s communities are among the safest in the world.
  • Labour: Focuses on meeting the needs of employees and employers, building a skilled workforce, and maintaining safe, fair and healthy workplaces.
  • Municipal Affairs: Invests in families and communities through local government, public safety, affordable housing and public libraries to help Albertans reach its full potential.
  • Seniors and Housing: Creates affordable housing options for Albertans most in need and helps Alberta’s aging population lead healthy and independent lives.
  • Service Alberta: Responsible for services including registries, land titles, consumer protection and the Alberta Queen’s Printer.
  • Status of Women: Leads government’s work to improve gender equality in Alberta.
  • Transportation: Works to provide a safe, innovative and sustainable world-class transportation system that supports Alberta’s economy and quality of life.
  • Treasury Board and Finance: Responsible for economic analysis, budget planning and providing a coordinated and disciplined approach to the management of government spending.






Learn more about Government and Province of Alberta:


Organization: Government of Alberta:


Alberta is divided into 87 constituencies–groups of voters in specific areas of the province. During a provincial election, the candidate in each constituency who wins the highest number of votes becomes the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for that constituency. The leader of the political party with the most winning candidates becomes the Premier of Alberta. The premier and ministers form the government.


Laws are introduced as bills and debated by MLAs before being put to a vote. If the Assembly passes a bill, it goes to the Lieutenant Governor for Royal Assent, at which point it becomes law.


The Speech from the Throne opens each new session of the Legislature and outlines the broad goals and direction for government.


Key positions:


The Lieutenant Governor:

The Lieutenant Governor is the Queen’s representative in Alberta. Constitutional duties of the Lieutenant Governor include ensuring the province always has a Premier so that there’s continuity in governance, opening and closing each Legislature Session, and granting Royal Assent to measures and Bills passed by the Assembly to give them the force of law.


The Legislature:

The Legislature is the provincial equivalent of Canada’s Parliament. Alberta’s Legislature is made up of the Lieutenant Governor and a single body of elected representatives called the Legislative Assembly. The Premier and Cabinet, like their federal counterparts, belong to the political party with the most elected members in the Assembly.

By law, a provincial general election must be held every 5 years, but may be held sooner. In a general election, Albertans from across the province vote on who they want to represent them in the Legislative Assembly.

Sometimes a seat in the Legislative Assembly is vacated before the next provincial election. When this happens, a by-election is called. A by-election is an election held in one constituency only. The winner of the by-election becomes the new MLA for that constituency until the next general election.


The Premier:

The Premier is the head of the Government of Alberta. The leader of the political party with the most seats in the Legislative Assembly becomes the Premier. While the Premier doesn’t need to be an MLA to lead the province, they do need to be an MLA to sit in the Legislature and participate in debate. As head of Executive Council, the Premier chooses cabinet ministers from among elected members of the governing party.

Executive Council Office:

The Executive Council Office provides support to the Premier and the members of Executive Council. It ensures effective strategic planning and coordinated policy development across government, and engagement of Albertans.

The Cabinet:

The Cabinet is the framework in which members of Executive Council put government policies into practice. Cabinet ministers are MLAs in charge of specific government ministries. Beyond approving Orders in Council, Cabinet ratifies policy matters and is the final authority on issues related to the day-to-day operation of government. The Premier chairs Cabinet.

The Speaker:

The Speaker directs debates and proceedings in the Legislative Assembly. The Speaker is an elected MLA. At the beginning of the first Legislative session after an election, all MLAs vote for the Speaker by secret ballot.


The Opposition:

The Opposition is made up of MLAs who aren’t part of the governing party. The role of the Opposition is to critique government activity, propose improvements to legislation, and present itself to the public as an alternative to the party in office.


Members of the Legislative Assembly:

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by Albertans to make the laws we live by in this province. Each MLA represents a constituency. MLAs selected by the Premier to represent ministries are referred to as cabinet ministers. Those who aren’t in Cabinet are referred to as private members, or caucus members of their particular political party.


20 Ministries currently make up the Alberta government. These departments deliver the programs and services mandated by Alberta’s laws. Each ministry is headed by a deputy minister, a member of the Alberta public service who in turn reports to a minister, an elected official and member of Cabinet.

Public agencies:

Public agencies are boards, commissions, tribunals or other organizations established by government, but not part of a government department. They work alongside ministries to deliver programs and services. Alberta’s Agency Governance Secretariat helps ensure Alberta government agencies are well governed.

Government committees:

Government committees review policy decisions, long-range strategic priorities, legislation and regulations. These committees include: Treasury Board, Economic Policy Committee, Legislative Review Committee, and Social Policy Committee.

Public service:

Alberta’s public service is made up of over 27,000 government employees throughout the province. Each works for one of 20 ministries, or a public agency. They perform the legal, policy, administrative and practical duties needed to deliver programs and services to Albertans.









For additional and most recent information, please visit the government of Alberta website.