Government of Manitoba

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Government of Manitoba | Province of Manitoba:

 

mbManitoba is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, similar to the other Canadian provinces and territories.

 

The executive branch is formed by the majority party; the party leader is the Premier of Manitoba, the head of the executive branch.

 

The head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, who is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on advice of the Prime Minister. The head of state is primarily a ceremonial role, although the Lieutenant Governor has the official responsibility of ensuring that Manitoba always has a duly constituted government.

 

 

Government of Manitoba Contact information as follows:

 

Telephone:

  • 204-945-3744,
  • Toll free: 1-866-626-4862,

For deaf or hard-of-hearing (TDD/TTY):

  • 204-945-4796,

 

 

Website: Government of Manitoba | http://www.gov.mb.ca.

 

 

 

Government of Manitoba Ministries | departments and agencies: List

 

external-linkThe followings are external links:

 

 

 

 

CANADA SMALL BUSINESS.CA | L-GOV-PMB1
 

 

 

Learn more about Government/Province of Manitoba:

 

Organization: Government of Manitoba:

Manitoba is divided into 57 constituencies–groups of voters in specific areas of the province. During a provincial election, the candidate in each constituency who wins the highest number of votes becomes the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for that constituency. The leader of the political party with the most winning candidates becomes the Premier of Manitoba. The premier and ministers form the government.

Legislation:

Laws are introduced as bills and debated by MLAs before being put to a vote. If the Assembly passes a bill, it goes to the Lieutenant Governor for Royal Assent, at which point it becomes law.

Mandate:

The Speech from the Throne opens each new session of the Legislature and outlines the broad goals and direction for government.

 

Key positions:

 

The Lieutenant Governor:

The Lieutenant Governor is the Queen’s representative in Manitoba. Constitutional duties of the Lieutenant Governor include ensuring the province always has a Premier so that there’s continuity in governance, opening and closing each Legislature Session, and granting Royal Assent to measures and Bills passed by the Assembly to give them the force of law.

 

The Legislature:

The Legislature is the provincial equivalent of Canada’s Parliament. Manitoba’s Legislature is made up of the Lieutenant Governor and a single body of elected representatives called the Legislative Assembly. The Premier and Cabinet, like their federal counterparts, belong to the political party with the most elected members in the Assembly.

By law, a provincial general election must be held every 5 years, but may be held sooner. In a general election, Manitobans from across the province vote on who they want to represent them in the Legislative Assembly.

Sometimes a seat in the Legislative Assembly is vacated before the next provincial election. When this happens, a by-election is called. A by-election is an election held in one constituency only. The winner of the by-election becomes the new MLA for that constituency until the next general election.

 

The Premier:

The Premier is the head of the Government of Manitoba. The leader of the political party with the most seats in the Legislative Assembly becomes the Premier. While the Premier doesn’t need to be an MLA to lead the province, they do need to be an MLA to sit in the Legislature and participate in debate. As head of Executive Council, the Premier chooses cabinet ministers from among elected members of the governing party.

Executive Council Office:

The Executive Council Office provides support to the Premier and the members of Executive Council. It ensures effective strategic planning and coordinated policy development across government, and engagement of Manitobans.

The Cabinet:

The Cabinet is the framework in which members of Executive Council put government policies into practice. Cabinet ministers are MLAs in charge of specific government ministries. Beyond approving Orders in Council, Cabinet ratifies policy matters and is the final authority on issues related to the day-to-day operation of government. The Premier chairs Cabinet.

The Speaker:

The Speaker directs debates and proceedings in the Legislative Assembly. The Speaker is an elected MLA. At the beginning of the first Legislative session after an election, all MLAs vote for the Speaker by secret ballot.

The Opposition:

The Opposition is made up of MLAs who aren’t part of the governing party. The role of the Opposition is to critique government activity, propose improvements to legislation, and present itself to the public as an alternative to the party in office.

 

 

Members of the Legislative Assembly:

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by Manitobans to make the laws we live by in this province. Each MLA represents a constituency. MLAs selected by the Premier to represent ministries are referred to as cabinet ministers. Those who aren’t in Cabinet are referred to as private members, or caucus members of their particular political party.

Ministries:

About 17 Ministries currently make up the Manitoba government. These departments deliver the programs and services mandated by Manitoba’s laws. Each ministry is headed by a deputy minister, a member of the Manitoba public service who in turn reports to a minister, an elected official and member of Cabinet.

Public agencies:

Public agencies are boards, commissions, tribunals or other organizations established by government, but not part of a government department. They work alongside ministries to deliver programs and services. Manitoba’s Agency Governance Secretariat helps ensure Manitoba government agencies are well governed.

Government committees:

Government committees review policy decisions, long-range strategic priorities, legislation and regulations. These committees include: Treasury Board, Economic Policy Committee, Legislative Review Committee, and Social Policy Committee.

Public service:

Manitoba’s public service is made up of about 25,000 government employees throughout the province. Each works for one of 17 ministries, or a public agency. They perform the legal, policy, administrative and practical duties needed to deliver programs and services to Manitobans.

 

 

 

 

For additional and most recent information, please visit the government of Manitoba website.

 

 

 

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