Government of Prince Edward Island

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Government of Prince Edward Island | Province of Prince Edward Island:

 

pePrince Edward Island is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island, similar to the other Canadian provinces and territories.

 

The executive branch is formed by the majority party; the party leader is the Premier of Prince Edward Island, the head of the executive branch.

 

The head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island, who is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on advice of the Prime Minister.

 

The Lieutenant Governor has the official responsibility of ensuring that Prince Edward Island always has a duly constituted government.

 

 

Government of Prince Edward Island contact information as follows:

 

Telephone:

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For deaf or hard-of-hearing (TDD/TTY):

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Website: Government of Prince Edward Island | https://www.princeedwardisland.ca.

 

 

 

Government of Prince Edward Island Ministries | departments and agencies: List

 

external-linkThe followings are external links:

 

 

 

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Learn more about Government/Province of Prince Edward Island:

 

Organization: Government of Prince Edward Island:

Prince Edward Island is divided into 27 constituencies–groups of voters in specific areas of the province. During a provincial election, the candidate in each constituency who wins the highest number of votes becomes the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for that constituency. The leader of the political party with the most winning candidates becomes the Premier of Prince Edward Island. The premier and ministers form the government.

Legislation:

Laws are introduced as bills and debated by MLAs before being put to a vote. If the Assembly passes a bill, it goes to the Lieutenant Governor for Royal Assent, at which point it becomes law.

Mandate:

The Speech from the Throne opens each new session of the Legislature and outlines the broad goals and direction for government.

 

Key positions:

 

The Lieutenant Governor:

The Lieutenant Governor is the Queen’s representative in Prince Edward Island. Constitutional duties of the Lieutenant Governor include ensuring the province always has a Premier so that there’s continuity in governance, opening and closing each Legislature Session, and granting Royal Assent to measures and Bills passed by the Assembly to give them the force of law.

 

The Legislature:

The Legislature is the provincial equivalent of Canada’s Parliament. Prince Edward Island’s Legislature is made up of the Lieutenant Governor and a single body of elected representatives called the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island. The Premier and Cabinet, like their federal counterparts, belong to the political party with the most elected members in the Assembly.

By law, a provincial general election must be held every 5 years, but may be held sooner. In a general election, people of Prince Edward Island from across the province vote on who they want to represent them in the Legislative Assembly.

Sometimes a seat in the Legislative Assembly is vacated before the next provincial election. When this happens, a by-election is called. A by-election is an election held in one constituency only. The winner of the by-election becomes the new MLA for that constituency until the next general election.

 

The Premier:

The Premier is the head of the Government of Prince Edward Island. The leader of the political party with the most seats in the Legislative Assembly becomes the Premier. While the Premier doesn’t need to be an MLA to lead the province, they do need to be an MLA to sit in the Legislature and participate in debate. As head of Executive Council, the Premier chooses cabinet ministers from among elected members of the governing party.

Executive Council Office:

The Executive Council Office provides support to the Premier and the members of Executive Council. It ensures effective strategic planning and coordinated policy development across government, and engagement of people of Prince Edward Island.

The Cabinet:

The Cabinet is the framework in which members of Executive Council put government policies into practice. Cabinet ministers are MLAs in charge of specific government ministries. Beyond approving Orders in Council, Cabinet ratifies policy matters and is the final authority on issues related to the day-to-day operation of government. The Premier chairs Cabinet.

The Speaker:

The Speaker directs debates and proceedings in the Legislative Assembly. The Speaker is an elected MLA. At the beginning of the first Legislative session after an election, all MLAs vote for the Speaker by secret ballot.

The Opposition:

The Opposition is made up of MLAs who aren’t part of the governing party. The role of the Opposition is to critique government activity, propose improvements to legislation, and present itself to the public as an alternative to the party in office.

 

Members of the Legislative Assembly:

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by people of Prince Edward Island to make the laws we live by in this province. Each MLA represents a constituency. MLAs selected by the Premier to represent ministries are referred to as cabinet ministers. Those who aren’t in Cabinet are referred to as private members, or caucus members of their particular political party.

Ministries:

About combined 10 Ministries currently make up the Prince Edward Island government. These departments deliver the programs and services mandated by Prince Edward Island’s laws. Each ministry is headed by a deputy minister, a member of the Prince Edward Island public service who in turn reports to a minister, an elected official and member of Cabinet.

Public agencies:

Public agencies are boards, commissions, tribunals or other organizations established by government, but not part of a government department. They work alongside ministries to deliver programs and services. Prince Edward Island’s Agency Governance Secretariat helps ensure Prince Edward Island government agencies are well governed.

Government committees:

Government committees review policy decisions, long-range strategic priorities, legislation and regulations. These committees include: Treasury Board, Economic Policy Committee, Legislative Review Committee, and Social Policy Committee.

Public service:

Prince Edward Island’s public service is made up of about 10,000* (+/-) government employees throughout the province. Each works for one of 10 ministries, or a public agency. They perform the legal, policy, administrative and practical duties needed to deliver programs and services to people of Prince Edward Island.

 

 

 

 

For additional and most recent information, please visit the government of Prince Edward Island website.

 

 

 

 

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